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Beer kegs overview by FanaticMag Ukraine

Well, isn’t it amazing: A 30-litre keg holds 63 pints of liquid happiness – and we call it beer! It looks like an ordinary beer keg, but revolutionized the industry, opened market borders for the heady drink, allowing it to travel, conquer countries and continents, keeping its properties for a long time.

What is a keg?

Firstly, let’s look at the terminology. A keg (from kagg – “keg”) is a cylindrical container of metal or plastic used to store, transport and serve beer under pressure.

The history of the keg

The grandfather of the keg was the clay pitcher, and the mother of the keg was the wooden barrel, serving brewers for centuries. The keg was the place where beer was sent for fermentation. The beer was served directly or with a pump. Either way, oxygen entered the cask, which quickly oxidised the beverage. Therefore cask ales had to be sold within a few days. If beer historians are to be believed, the first metal kegs appeared in 1929 thanks to the German company Krupp. The term keg, on the other hand, didn’t catch on until the early 1950s. At the initial stage, metal kegs had no spectacular technological attachments. However, the sturdy, durable kegs were gradually replacing wooden barrels in breweries and pubs, which were increasingly used as ageing containers. In the mid-twentieth century, following a series of improvements, kegs acquired a socket and a valve fitting – a clever device (although it looks like a simple tube with a head), thanks to which the container is washed, beer is poured and the drink is served to the filling tap. The fitting seals the keg and prevents oxygen from getting into the keg, and it also makes it easier to maintain microbiological cleanliness in the container. All this helped to improve the quality of beer in transit, to increase the shelf life of the beverage, to open new export routes and to raise brewing to a new level of evolution. By the way, kegs are also used for storage/transportation/pouring of kvass, wine and other alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.

The working principle of a modern keg is that beer is dispensed from the keg by means of carbon dioxide. Kegs and CO2 bottle are connected by a special coupling sleeve, which is pushed onto the keg fitting. This design forces the gas into the keg and pushes the beer into the fitting’s tube, pushing it onto the tap.

Kegs are different…

The best-known keg manufacturers in Europe are Thilmann, Schafer, Blefa GmbH, Comet. Popular keg volumes are 20, 30 and 50 litres. DIN and EURO-formats are commonly used, and the FINN and PLUS standards are also used. Kegs are made of metal (stainless steel), metal with polyurethane coating, plastic.

Durability of beer kegs

Metal beer kegs are a reusable container. Containers are practically unformed during transportation, easy to clean and repair, failed fittings can be quickly replaced. With the observance of the rules of exploitation and careful use a keg serves 25-30 years. A plastic keg is designed for one use.

Keg safety zone

Most keg manufacturers today install a special “anti-explosion” mechanism, called a “safety point” in the container. If the keg pressure rises above a critical level, the safety point will rupture. But the keg itself won’t go through a big bada-boom.


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Beer kegs: pros and cons. Useful life of used kegs

Most beer producers around the world would agree that kegs are the best container for storing fermented beverages. It is believed that the taste, colour and aroma closest to the benchmark can be preserved in these metal kegs.

Introduced in 1929, the stainless steel keg was soon destined to supersede its wooden counterpart. The final victory came in the 1950s, when kegs were fitted with a coupling and fitting that ensured leak-proof dispensing and quality beer storage. The reusability and recyclability of kegs brought many new aspects, both positive and negative, to beer logistics. Let’s try to understand the features of this metal container in detail.

Stainless steel is the best shield for beer. The food-grade steel of which kegs are cast and the airtight construction of the keg shields the beer from the harmful effects of UV and gases. This ensures that the quality of the beverage is maintained and hygiene is maintained during the various stages of transport and storage.

The non-permeable packaging is a guarantee of quality. The design of the keg prevents the product from being tampered with at the point of sale. The keg is securely closed with a fitting that not only prevents refilling, but also protects the beverage from the ingress of bacteria from the outside.

The best container for transport. Kegs are inferior to plastic and aluminium containers in terms of lightness, but have a significant advantage in durability. Thanks to the stainless steel body, they withstand drops and temperature changes very well. A safety valve protects the kegs in case of high pressure. All this shows their reliability as a transportable container.

Fully recyclable. Steel kegs can be repaired with little effort, which means they can be used for a long time and save money on remanufacturing. In addition, the product can be fully recycled into new, smaller containers.

Kegs are expensive. The purchase of a keg fleet and the filling technology is expensive at the start of production. Subsequent maintenance is expensive: Repair and regular cleaning.

Reuse once a year. Particular difficulties are associated with the reuse of containers. The export routes in West European countries are continuously lengthened, consequently kegs have to make a long journey back. Often the keg travels for over a year, which increases the cost per litre of beer.

Seasonal operating difficulties. The problem with reuse is most acute at the peak of sales, in the summer. During the cold season, difficulties arise due to frosting of the residual contents in the container. This can be avoided by filling the kegs at the right time. When adjusting to new conditions, brewers inevitably have to make changes to the logistics process.

The market demands more kegs of smaller volumes. Gradually 50-litre kegs are disappearing from the market. Their place is taken by the smaller 20- and 30-litre containers, which also leads to higher costs per litre. There are several reasons for this trend: firstly, the product range offered by brewers is constantly increasing, and secondly, legislation in some countries makes it more difficult to service larger kegs. In Italy, for example, employees are not allowed to lift objects weighing more than 25kg.
Thieves also appreciate kegs. Brewers regularly have to deal with the problem of missing kegs. Stainless steel is highly valued and often becomes a source of illicit income, ending up on the secondary market. Sometimes kegs are sold as scrap metal.

The secondary market
The main player here is a small business. The main demand for used kegs comes from regional and small breweries in Eastern Europe. In 2008, many small craft breweries appeared in Eastern Europe, which produces so-called “live” beer. For small producers, the decisive factor in purchasing packaging is the price, which of course is not high for secondary products.

Recycling is a reputational risk. Once on the secondary market, a keg undergoes the process of squeezing out and rubbing in the logo of the previous owner. By using such a treated keg, the company runs the risk of damaging its reputation on the market.

The actual lifespan is almost three times less than possible. Although a barrel can actually be used for up to 30 years, major European breweries tend to renew their stock after 10 to 12 years. The reduction of the active period may be due to usage patterns or sanitary regulations. The tax system in some countries is also conducive to dynamic keg replacement. In the UK, for example, beer producers receive government loans to buy new kegs. When the credits have been paid, new kegs are purchased against the sale of used kegs.

Keg types
DIN – narrow and high
Euro – wide and low
Plus-keg – modification of the Euro with a special polyurethane coating to keep the temperature.

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Brewery equipment for sale

Since 2009 we are selling the brewery equipment to our clients.

Most popular orders for breweries is beer kegs, keg fittings and keg couplers, keg washers, fermentation tanks, chillers, mills for the malt and other beverage industry equipment.

Popular for the retail and for homebrewing is Cornelius kegs, beer kegs, couplers and taps.

We sell new and used equipment from the bigger European manufacturers, like a SALM (Austria), Micromatic (Denmark), Destila, Brewmaster (Czech), BlonderBeer (Slovakia), ZIP (Hungary), Spadoni (Italy) and many others.

All equipment is selling with the warranty and post-service.

Shipping to the client from the warehouses in Europe (Poland, Lithuania, Germany, Spain).

Ask us now about your needs and we will help to you found best solution for the best value! Also you can contact us if you want to sell used equipment for the brewery.

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Beer keg types

There are many types of beer kegs. Kegs are made of different volumes and different embodiments.

In Europe and the CIS countries using standard kegs maded by European manufacturers from high-quality food steel, by typical volume 20, 30 and 50 liters. 918kiss Download
These kegs are made ​​in two standard versions: DIN and EURO, which differ in external dimensions.

Kegs are the DIN standard size 363mm in diameter and a height of 400mm (30-liter kegs) and 600 mm (for 50-liter kegs). Weight is 9.1kg kegs and 11.4kg respectively.
Kegs standard EURO bit wider and lower – standard size 395mm in diameter and 365mm height (for 30L kegs) and 532mm (for 50l kegs). The weight of such kegs 9.9kg and 11.8kg respectively.

There are also using type of kegs «Plus Keg» in polyurethane sheath. They differ from conventional keg special outer coating of polyurethane, 1-2 mm thick, which makes it possible to reduce the noise when working with kegs and serves beer additional protection from temperature extremes (though quite small). Carry handles in such kegs are made of the same polyurethane that reduces lifetime kegs, as by careless handling handles break and keg becomes untransportable. Also, these kegs are cheaper to manufacture, as per keg requires less material (high quality stainless steel).

A little less used kegs by «Finn Keg» – they are equipped with non-removable protective plastic covers on the top and bottom of kegs. In addition to protecting against damage kegs, these covers also serve as handles for carrying kegs, allow more reliable stacking kegs, and in addition, provide an easy opportunity branding kegs, ie the application of company logos and advertising slogans beer producer. In the CIS, Finn kegs used for beer Baltika, BBH and Royal Unibrew.

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Why kegs are useful

At present, beer kegs are the most versatile and practical way to store and deliver beer. If you make beer or other carbonated beverages (kvass, cider, lemonade, etc.), there is a need to spill beer:

a) in any kind of package for delivery to the retail outlet
b) spill beer from containers at the place of sale. Mega888 Hack
At the same containers for beer must meet the following requirements: to provide the necessary storage conditions of the product (ie, no direct sunlight); compliance with sanitary norms of the beer; possibility of transportation of beer on a commercial scale, perhaps over long distances; the possibility of pouring beer at the point of sale with the necessary conditions (permeability, ie the ban on the entry of air into the beer).
Earlier universal container for beer were wooden barrels, but with the passage of time and the development of production technology has become possible to metal containers for transport and storage of beer. At the end of the twentieth century beer kegs began to be used widely and is becoming more and more popular with the development of the world market of beer and other beverages. Combining all the necessary qualities to be used, beer kegs have become the industry standard, which is now used by all major manufacturers of beverages, beer companies and international corporations such as Coca-Cola and others.
Kegs are the perfect container for beer, providing a reliable Bay beer keg and tap beer in the point of sale (bar, shop, mobile point).
Kegs provide convenient logistics beer – loading, unloading, palletizing, stacking and transporting any kind of transport.
Kegs allow hermetically store beer, provide secondary fermentation of beer in the tank and spilling beer without getting into oxygen, which causes oxidation.
Kegs have the necessary production characteristics – ease of use in cleaning and disinfection (including disinfection by steam, the easiest and most reliable way).
Kegs are also durable equipment lifetime 10-20 years, besides the main producers keg give their products a guarantee of up to 30 years of use.

(c) KegTrade

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Keg spear fittings and coupler types


Keg spear have a two parts: a tube fitting and the connecting head, which are interconnected like a fork with a socket. Joker Casino Malaysia
In common parlance the coupling head is also called “ker connector” and “keg head”.
Connection head is used to connect the gas (CO2) and the beer lines. The tube fitting is immersed in the beer which it is pushed through the gas under pressure (of approx. 2.4 bar) and is fed via the coupling head on the beer cooler.


It is important to know that the keg fittings are of different types, which are incompatible with each other – manufacturers of keg beer prevented from dispensing beer competitors.
There are 6 types of keg fittings: A, D, G, M, S, U

A-type system also known as “Flach”. This is most popular fitting system. Used by all Europe.
D-type system also known as “Korb D”. Used in Europe.
G-type system also known as “Flach T”. Used in Europe.
M-type system also known as “Kombi”. Used in Europe, Ukraine and Russia.
S-type system also known as “Korb”. Used in Europe and UK.
U-type system also known as “Korb U”. Used in United Kingdom.


Fitting systems have a 5 types of thread:
Market standard is 2″ x 14 TPI.
Less popular two other systems: RD 52 x 6 TPI and RD 52,8 x 6 TPI (also called “big thread”). Very rare system 2 1/8″ x 7 TPI. Also, keg fittings may have a lock-type system without thread (with tamper evident ring) aka Special Neck.

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Encyclopedia of Beer Keg Sizes

Most popular size is 30L kegs – this is standard size of beer kegs in Eastern Europe countries, like as Poland, Lithuania, Ukraine and many other countries. Pussy888 Malaysia

Second size by popularity is 50L kegs – earlier it was most popular, but now many breweries wants to use 30L kegs, because it can be handled by one person.
Kegs DIN standard size 363mm in diameter and a height of 400mm (30-liter kegs) and 600 mm (for 50-liter kegs).
Kegs EURO standard bit wider and lower – standard size 395mm in diameter and 365mm height (for 30L kegs) and 532mm (for 50l kegs).

Now we have a big quantity of beer keg sizes in the keg fleet of Europe. Besides of this two popular sizes, we can see kegs with other volumes.
This is 25L and 20L, used in not big breweries and for not very popular types of produced beers.
Also, in use 15L and 10L kegs, for very small batches and experiments. Many home brewers use 19L Cornelius kegs for homebrewing and maturation.
In the rare cases, breweries use 5L kegs, but this is not usable in the usual situations.

Except this standard sizes for Europe, in England in use non-standard volume kegs – 46L (10 gallons) and 58L (15.5 gallons). Usually this kegs is Euro-standard dimensions with fittings type U and S.
Also in United Kingdom in use some other keg sizes, like a 70L and 100L barrels, with non-standard fitting types, for example: cork and cask type of connection.

(c) KegTrade. All rights reserved.

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Beer keg names

In the world are many names for beer kegs. Live22 Download
Many languages uses word “keg” from Deutsche language.

English language countries uses standard name “beer keg”. Also in Britain popular “cask” and “barrel”.

Germany uses words “bier fass”.

Spainish name for keg is “barrila de cerveza”
In Poland this is “beczka do piwa”.

In Lithuania – “alaus statine”.

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Used beer keg prices (update 2022)

Today we discuss about commercial used keg prices. Xe88 Download
In the April 2018 on the European beer keg market we can see many offers from keg suppliers.
Most popular and salable keg type is 30L DIN. Average price is 40-45 euro for 1 used keg with A-type head.

Also, many of suppliers can offer other types of kegs with lower price. This is less popular EURO-size standard kegs, or kegs with unpopular fittings (like S and U systems) and kegs with non-standard volume sizes – 15L, 20L and 25L. This cheapest kegs may cost 25 or 30 euro for 1 pc.

Chinese manufacturers offer new manufactured beer kegs, price is approx.60 euro.
European manufacturers keep their prices at highest level, 80-90 euro for 1 keg.
Cornelius “soda” kegs also on high demand in the homebrew community, price for used keg approximately up to 50 euro.

UPDATE 10.01.2022

At this moment of winter the market is waiting for new year of production and distribution.

The prices is little high, for example now in Europe 30L DIN used keg costs 42-48 EUR per keg.

Used beer keg 50L now have a price around 44-52 EUR per keg (with A type fitting, other types may be cheaper).

Chinese stainless kegs is around 65 euro per keg and China have a holidays now, so kegs can be delivered only 1-2 month.

Cornelius kegs now is most popular choice, price 55 eur for one keg. Please note this kegs better to ship 6x quantity, so order you 6, 12 or 18 kegs with low cost delivery service by our partners DPD EUROPE.

(c) KegTrade